But the dogs that had been powerless in the last

Afterward, each dog was placed in a large box with a low divider across the center. One side of the box produced an electric shock; the other did not. Then something interesting happened. The dogs that either had been able to stop the shock or had not been shocked at all [i.e Group A, and Group C] in the earlier part of the experiment quickly learned to step over the divider to the side without shocks.

But the dogs that had been powerless in the last part of the experiment [Group B] did not. These dogs didn’t adapt or adjust. They did nothing to try to avoid getting shocked. Why? They didn’t know they had any choice other than to take the shocks. They had learned helplessness. There is evidence that humans learn helplessness in much the same way.

Example: a child who struggles early on with mathematics. He tries and tries due to a lack of good instruction, but he never improves. His environment has conditioned him to believe that his mind is incapable of comprehending math. So he eventually gives up. He believes that nothing he does will make a difference. He’ll believe he’ll never be good in technical subjects for the rest of his life.

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When we forget our ability to choose, we learn to be helpless. Drip by drip we allow our power to be taken away until we end up becoming a function of other people’s choices — or even a function of our own past choices. In turn, we surrender our power to choose.

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